10 ways to improve your English Grammar skills

‘s/s’

‘s = belonging to a single person or object.
Example: The boy’s family is proud of him.

s’ = belonging to multiple people or objects.
Example: The sisters’ bedroom is decorated in green.

Affect/Effect

Affect = to influence.
Example: Leading a group of kids can affect them positively.

Effect = a result.
Example: You can have a positive effect on a group of kids.

Farther/Further

Farther = a measure of distance or length.
Example: The quarterback threw the football farther than he ever had.

Further = more of.
Example: She wants to further her studies in medicine.

His or Her/Their

His or Her = belonging to a single person.
Example: Anyone can lose his or her appetite once in a while.

Their = possessed or claimed by a group.
Example: Athletes can lose their appetites once in a while.

I/Me

I = use when referring to yourself before the verb.
Example: My spouse and I went to the restaurant.

Me = use when referring to yourself after the verb.
Example: My daughter when to the restaurant with my spouse and me.

It’s/Its

It’s = It is/has.
Example: It’s is a beautiful day. It’s been a long week.

Its = belonging to something.
Example: The dog wanted its bone.

Than/Then

Than = shows comparison.
Example: Eagles are larger than robins.

Then = indicates sequence.
Example: He closed the door, then went to bed.

Their/There/They’re

Their = possessed or claimed by a group.
Example: Their team won the world series last year.

There = place.
Example: The dog buried a bone there.

They’re = they are.
Example: They’re leading the team to victory.

Who/That

Who = refers back to a particular person.
Example: The Woman who found the lost puppy got a reward.

That = refers to a nonhuman object.
Example: The organization that raised the most money for charity was honored at a banquet.

Who’s/Whose

Who’s = who is/has.
Example: Who’s going to the party? Who’s eaten at that restaurant before?

Whose = belonging to a person.
Example: The girl whose sister was in an accident had to leave early.

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