When you browse websites for college students, you may notice offers with the call to study abroad for an IT degree. Is this industry in such high demand?
IT-specialties – one of the most popular educational directions in the world. Specialists in this area are becoming more and more in demand. We live in the era of digital technology, which affects everything – from scientific research to the development of health care, transport, banking, and communications. In this article, you will find out where the best IT specialists are trained and how to distinguish a good university.
The most popular IT professions
Artificial Intelligence Engineer
Artificial Intelligence specialists use machine learning algorithms to simplify tasks commonly performed by humans, including speech recognition, image processing, business process management, and even disease diagnosis.
Data Scientists must be able to gather large amounts of complex raw information that can benefit an organization. Unlike data analysts, data scientists work on new ways to collect data and analyze it.
Information Security Analyst
Information security analysts protect a company’s computer networks and systems. They install firewalls and data encryption programs to protect sensitive information. They generate reports that document security breaches and the extent of damage, develop security standards, etc.
Software engineers develop software that includes computing utilities and operating systems, web browsers, database programs, etc. There is a large investment in software development because of the increasing reliance on mobile technology, venture capital-backed startups, the need for technology solutions in a wide variety of industries.
Computer Research Scientist
Computer and information scientists work at a more theoretical level than other IT professionals. They are needed in companies that design computer systems, research and development departments, and colleges and universities. These professionals apply theoretical experience and innovation to create new technologies, develop solutions to computer hardware and software problems, etc.
A data analyst processes data to identify trends that help managers make strategic decisions. Unlike a data scientist, a data analyst spends more time on routine analysis, that is, extracting meaning from data already collected. Typically, such a professional works on answering specific questions about the business.
The IT manager is the link between the managers and the technical department of the company. Such specialists set technical tasks for programmers, negotiate with vendors on the maintenance of current products or the purchase of new ones, manage projects, etc. Both managerial and technical skills are necessary for successful work.
Administrators store and organize company data, which may include confidential financial calculations, customer reports, etc.
Web Developers are responsible for the creation, design, and layout of the site as required by the company. Such specialists should have graphic design and programming skills. Also, the developer usually helps in maintaining the website.
Mobile Application Developer
Mobile application developers are responsible for creating and testing software for phones and tablets. Such professionals may work in teams with graphic designers, data scientists, and other software experts.
What does quality IT training depend on?
IT careers are becoming increasingly popular, so many universities around the world offer IT training. According to the experts of cheap essay writing service, it is important to remember that a quality IT education consists of several factors.
A good base in mathematics
Working in IT fields is impossible without a strong mathematical foundation. When choosing a university, familiarize yourself with the curriculum of the specialty you are interested in. Pay attention to the fact that in the first years of training a sufficient amount of time was given to mathematics.
In IT, it is better to learn from practitioners rather than theorists, no matter what regalia and scientific achievements they have. Technology changes rapidly, knowledge is outdated and updated – in such a dynamic field constant teacher practice is essential. A competent practicing teacher will help you choose finance research topics and share valuable knowledge from life.
Internships and Employment
When training for any IT specialty, experience is the most important success factor. It is no coincidence that many successful programmers have no special education. Find out which organizations the university you are interested in cooperates with, and if there are opportunities for internships there.
Why do IT applicants choose to study abroad?
- Study in the technological centers of the world. It is useful to study IT in places where computer science and technology are generously invested. For example, the University of Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania spends almost $80 million a year on engineering research.
- Preparing for a global industry. IT students and graduates work in a global technology environment. This is aided by the good cultural awareness instilled by studying abroad.
- Flexible study options. Many universities abroad allow you to find training options to suit individual needs. For example, if a student wants to study bioinformatics, he may enroll at one of the specialized institutes sponsored by the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Studying in your home country narrows down the options.
The most popular countries for studying IT
It is home to prestigious technology and engineering universities such as MIT, Caltech, Stanford, or Columbia University. Also in the USA, there are headquarters of all major IT companies-Google, Apple, Microsoft, Facebook.
One of the most advanced EU countries in the field of digitization of business, technological skills, and digital public services. The country is famous for a large number of startups and technology organizations, as well as large multinational companies that open subsidiaries across Europe.
Major employers of computer engineers and developers include Deutsche Bank, Siemens, Skytec, BMW, and Daimler.
The technology sector is booming in Britain: its value has grown by 14 billion pounds sterling in recent years. At the same time, demand far exceeds supply: about 50% of British companies identify a shortage of qualified IT specialists.
The UK is home to several well-known technology companies: Hewlett-Packard, STMicroelectronics, Infineon, and Toshiba. It is also home to startups that promise fantastic opportunities in the industry: Xmos, Clementine, Netsight.
It is here, in Dublin, that Google has its European headquarters. The country is small, so it’s easy to make important connections here that will help build a career.
Compared to other English-speaking countries, Ireland is distinguished by the affordability of education. Tuition and living costs here are much lower than, for example, in the UK.
There are many benefits for students, there is an opportunity to work with a student visa. The government of Ireland has allowed foreign students to stay in the country for 24 months for employment, so it’s easy to start a career here.