Google is clearly the best general-purpose search engine on the Web. But most people don’t use it to its best advantage. Do you just plug in a keyword or two and hope for the best?
That may be the quickest way to search, but with more than 3 billion pages in Google’s index, it’s still a struggle to pare results to a manageable number.
But Google is a remarkably powerful tool that can ease and enhance your Internet exploration. Google’s search options go beyond simple keywords, the Web, and even its own programmers. Let’s look at some of Google’s lesser-known options.
Syntax Search Tricks:
Using a special syntax is a way to tell Google that you want to restrict your searches to certain elements or characteristics of Web pages. Google has a fairly complete list of its syntax elements at
Refine web searches
You can use symbols or words in your search to make your search results more precise.
- Google Search usually ignores punctuation that isn’t part of a search operator.
- Don’t put spaces between the symbol or word and your search term. A search for site:yeahhub.com will work, but site: yeahhub.com won’t.
Common search techniques
Search social media
Put @ in front of a word to search social media. For example: @facebook.
Search for a price
Put $ in front of a number. For example: camera $1000.
Put # in front of a word. For example: #throwbacksunday
Exclude words from your search
Put – in front of a word you want to leave out. For example: jaguar speed-car
Search for an exact match
Put a word or phrase inside quotes. For example: “tallest building”.
Search for wildcards or unknown words
Put a * in your word or phrase where you want to leave a placeholder. For example: “largest * in the world”.
Search within a range of numbers
Put .. between two numbers. For example: camera $10..$1000.
Put “OR” between each search query. For example: marathon OR race.
Search for a specific site
Put “site:” in front of a site or domain. For example, site:youtube.com or site:.gov.
Search for related sites
Put “related:” in front of a web address you already know. For example, related:time.com.
Get details about a site
Put “info:” in front of the site address.
See Google’s cached version of a site
Put “cache:” in front of the site address.
Here are some advanced operators that can help narrow down your search results.
Intitle: at the beginning of a query word or phrase (intitle:”Three Blind Mice”) restricts your search results to just the titles of Web pages.
Intext: does the opposite of intitle:, searching only the body text, ignoring titles, links, and so forth. Intext: is perfect when what you’re searching for might commonly appear in URLs. If you’re looking for the term HTML, for example, and you don’t want to get results such as
you can enter intext:html.
Link: lets you see which pages are linking to your Web page or to another page you’re interested in. For example, try typing in
Try using site: (which restricts results to top-level domains) with intitle: to find certain types of pages.
For example, get scholarly pages about John Doe by searching for intitle:”John Doe”site:edu.
Experiment with mixing various elements; you’ll develop several strategies for finding the stuff you want more effectively. The site: command is very helpful as an alternative to the mediocre search engines built into many sites.
Swiss Army Google:
Google has a number of services that can help you accomplish tasks you may never have thought to use Google for. For example, the new calculator feature
Let’s you do both math and a variety of conversions from the search box. For extra fun, try the query “Answer to life the universe and everything.”
Let Google help you figure out whether you’ve got the right spelling—and the right word—for your search. Enter a misspelled word or phrase into the query box (try “thre blund mise”) and Google may suggest a proper spelling. This doesn’t always succeed; it works best when the word you’re searching for can be found in a dictionary. Once you search for a properly spelled word, look at the results page, which repeats your query.
(If you’re searching for “three blind mice,” underneath the search window will appear a statement such as Searched the web for “three blind mice.”)
You’ll discover that you can click on each word in your search phrase and get a definition from a dictionary.
Suppose you want to contact someone and don’t have his phone number handy. Google can help you with that, too. Just enter a name, city, and state.
(The city is optional, but you must enter a state.)
If a phone number matches the listing, you’ll see it at the top of the search results along with a map link to the address. If you’d rather restrict your results, use rphonebook: for residential listings or bphonebook: for business listings.
If you’d rather use a search form for business phone listings, try Yellow Search.
Google offers several services that give you a head start in focusing your search. Google Groups
Indexes literally millions of messages from decades of discussion on Usenet. Google even helps you with your shopping via two tools: Froogle
You’re probably used to using Google in your browser. But have you ever thought of using Google outside your browser?
Monitors your search terms and e-mails you information about new additions to Google’s Web index.
(Google Alert is not affiliated with Google; it uses Google’s Web services API to perform its searches.)
If you’re more interested in news stories than general Web content, check out the beta version of Google News Alerts
This service (which is affiliated with Google) will monitor up to 50 news queries per e-mail address and send you information about news stories that match your query.
(Hint: Use the intitle: and source: syntax elements with Google News to limit the number of alerts you get.)
You dial the Voice Search phone number, speak your keywords, and then click on the indicated link. Every time you say a new search term, the results page will refresh with your new query
Remember, this service is still in an experimental phase, so don’t expect 100 percent success.
In 2002, Google released the Google API (application programming interface), a way for programmers to access Google’s search engine results without violating the Google Terms of Service.
A lot of people have created useful (and occasionally not-so-useful but interesting) applications not available from Google itself, such as Google Alert. For many applications, you’ll need an API key, which is available free from
Thanks to its many different search properties, Google goes far beyond a regular search engine. Give the tricks in this article a try. You’ll be amazed at how many different ways Google can improve your Internet searching.